3. In-text Citation (MLA 8th ed.)

When you mention another author’s ideas or quote them in your writing you’ll use an in-text citation to signal to your reader. There are two main ways to create in-text citation: you can use a parenthetical citation or use a signal phrase.

Parenthetical Citation

Here’s an example from an article which uses a parenthetical citation:

“Reading is seen as a vehicle of access to community and to a related sense of social connectedness” (Rothbauer  66).

The two parts of the parenthetical citation consist of the author of the original article and the page number where you found the text you are quoting.mla-paranthetical.png

Signal Phrase

Using signal phrases is slightly more elegant way of incorporating quotes and ideas into your paper, since it reads more smoothly and is better integrated into your writing.

Arguing that “(j)ust as the cinema exhibits a stubborn antipathy to novels, the novel here emerges as a medium antithetical  to  film” (13), Bluestone goes on to analyze narrative  tropes and cinematic techniques in order to think about how adaptations need to transform the adapted text.

There are actually two different signal phrases in the above sentence. Note that you still need the author’s name and the page number where you found the text you are quoting.


As you are thinking about adding signal phrases to your own writing, here’s a list to get you started (will open as a PDF)

Receive Credit

To receive credit for the Citation as Conversation Step 1, please complete the D2L materials provided by your course instructor.