2. Tricky Citation Information (APA)

In this section, you’ll practice creating citations from materials you might find. We’ll also talk about finding and identifying tricky citation information, like the title of the website, or the name of a journal.


APA guidelines state that you should cite an individual webpage or blog post, not the entire website. That means that you should keep track of the exact URL of each page that you cite in your writing, and create separate bibliographic entries for each one. Further further explanation is available on the APA Style Blog.


A reminder about the pieces of information you’ll need to collect:

  • Author(s) (if available)
  • Title of the webpage
  • Date when the webpage was published
  • Exact URL of the webpage

Here’s what that looks like if you were gathering information to cite this webpage created by NASA:apa-website-1

Completed Citation

Garcia M. (30 July 2015). Orion Overview. Retrieved from https://www.nasa.gov/exploration/systems/orion/about/index.html


A reminder about the pieces of information you’ll need to collect:

  • Author(s) (if available)
  • Title of the blog post
  • Date when the blog post was published
  • Exact URL of the blog post


Quick tips for identifying relevant webpage or blog information

  • If you can’t find an author’s name, look for an “about” page or an “information page.” The author’s name might be listed there.
  • The date a page was published might be listed at the bottom of the page, in the page footer. Some blogs incorporate the publication date into each post URL.

Completed Citation

Gautam, S. (31 May 2015). Depressive symptoms. Retrieved from http://the-mouse-trap.com/2015/05/31/depressive-symptoms/

Journal Articles

A reminder about the pieces of information you’ll need to collect:

  • Author(s)
  • Date when the article was published
  • Title of the article
  • Title of the journal
  • Volume and issue number
  • Page numbers where the article appears
  • DOI or URL of the article

Example 1

If you downloaded an article from ProQuest here’s how you’d gather the information you need to create a citation:apa-journal-1

Completed Citation

Overby, A., & Jones, B. L. (2015). Virtual LEGOs: Incorporating Minecraft into the art education curriculum. Art Education, 41(1), 21-27. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.msu.edu.proxy1.cl.msu.edu/login?url=https://search-proquest-com.proxy1.cl.msu.edu/docview/1640489539?accountid=12598

Example 2

And here’s the relevant information you would need to cite this article you read in Water, Air and Soil Pollution:

Completed Citation

Fritt-Rasmussen, J., Wegeberg, S., & Gustavson, K. (2015). Review on burn residues from in situ burning of oils spills in relation to arctic waters. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 226(329), n.p. https://doi-org.proxy1.cl.msu.edu/10.1007/s11270-015-2593-1

Quick tips for identifying relevant article information

  • No all articles have DOIs assigned. When you can’t find a DOI, it is acceptable in APA style to use the stable URL of the article. This guide gives you advice about finding stable URLs.
  • Don’t confuse the publisher or database where you found the journal with the name of the journal! The name of the journal often appears in the header of each article, on the cover page of the article (if available), or will be listed along with the article’s abstract.


A reminder about the pieces of information you’ll need to collect:

  • Author(s) or editor(s)
  • Title of the book
  • Location of the publisher (city and state, or country)
  • Name of the publisher
  • Date the book was published


If you were going to cite this book on the prehistory of the Bronze and Iron Age Mediterranean, here is the information you would need:


Quick tips for identifying relevant book information

  • Look at the title page and other front matter of the book to complete your citation. The information you need will usually be listed either on the title page, or on the page directly following (the one with all the fine print).

Completed Citation

Knapp, A. B., & Van Dommelen, P. (Eds.). (2014). The Cambridge prehistory of the bronze and iron age Mediterranean. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Knowledge Check

Please note: this is not a graded quiz that your instructor will see; this is an activity that allows you to check your own understanding of the material so far. Please submit the quiz in D2L to receive credit for completing this material.

Receive Credit

To receive credit for completing this material, please complete the quiz provided by your instructor in your class D2L space.

Continue to Part 3, In-text Citations