Citation as Conversation Step 3

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Citation as Conversation Badge

To earn your Citation as Conversation badge, please complete one of the following. Submit your finished work your instructor via D2L.

If you are not currently enrolled in a course, but still wish to complete this badge, email finished work to

Option 1

Explain the citation style most often used in one particular discipline (such as your major) and what information is included in the in-text citations and Works Cited or bibliography. Why would this information about the sources be useful for a researcher in this field? Why might a researcher in this field want the information in this order? What tips would you give to someone new to the discipline to help them use this citation system? Explain in a 2-page discussion.

Option 2

If you write something, whether a paper for a class or a Facebook post, that takes a source that is not trustworthy and assumes that the source is correct in its reasoning and conclusions, you might make your readers lose trust in your argument.  The following sources would generally not be considered to be credible, or trustworthy, sources of factual information about these topics:

Choose one of these sites and analyze the use of citations in this source by answering all of the following:

  1. Is everything cited that should be cited, including pictures and figures? If not, list at least 3 things that should be cited in the source but are not.
  2. If you wanted to investigate whether the article’s claims are true by tracking down the sources to evaluate them, explain what information, evidence, and pictures you would want to be properly cited and why?
  3. Do the citations lead you to believe that the website is relying on trustworthy information? Why or why not? Be specific.
  4. How does the website imitate the appearance or the academic language of more reputable sources to try to seem more trustworthy?
  5. Most instructors would say that it would not be wise to use these sources as well-supported articles conveying accurate truths for your papers. But what kinds of projects might these sources be good for? (For example, a website claiming that werewolves are active on MSU’s campus might not be good to use as a reliable source in a paper about campus safety, but it might be useful for a paper analyzing how werewolf mythology has changed over time.)

Option 3

Create your own citation style (different from common styles such as MLA, APA, and Chicago) that would work well for a non-academic field you are interested in, or for a field that you think does not have its own citation system that serves it well. Figure out how someone would do in-text citations in your citation style, and provide an example of a sentence with an in-text citation, a bibliographic entry, and a 1-page explanation explaining the reasons behind your choices that addresses all of the following questions: Why is your citation style better than what is currently in use in this field? What information does your citation style choose to include, and why? What order does your citation put this information in, and why? How does this citation reflect what this field finds most important or useful? How does the citation system you designed reflect the values or interests of this field/discipline? What are the most common types of documents the field/discipline/major might cite?

This citation style could be for an academic field of study, or it can be related to one of your interests. Examples: How might engineers use a more efficient citation system for their work?  How might skateboarders ‘cite’ moves that they learned from others, and why might they want to do so? If you make digital collages, how could you better cite how you used the images?  How might musicians who sing covers on youtube better cite their source material?

Remember to explain your citation style in a way that can be understood by readers who are not experts in your field. The most common citations systems were first created before common use of the Internet; feel free to think of new ways to take advantage of new technologies.

Option 4

Examine one of these scholarly articles:

Identify the three oldest sources cited by this article. Locate one of these three sources using the search bar at, and identify the three oldest sources used in this older source. Continue tracking back the oldest sources, until you can no longer find the sources cited. Then write a 1-page discussion explaining how the conversation built up or developed over time. Write a reflection on what the development of this scholarly conversation reveals about what citations do.

Option 5

Write a 250-500 word story about what an academic field would be like if citation didn’t exist. What it would it be like to do research in this field? Demonstrate your understanding of how citation functions in the creation or discovery of new knowledge.